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Ontario passport to saftey

In class before we got to do anything we had to learn about safety, probably a smart idea considering most of us want to go into some sort of architectural or engineering pathway where we could potentially come across these situations in the future. I felt it would be a nice touch to post some of the things I learned from this quiz on my blog, who knows maybe somebody might just learn something.

How does the Occupational Health and
Safety Act protect workers?
The OHS Act provides workers with three basic rights:

The Right to Know?
Workers have the right to information on issues in the workplace that may affect their health and safety. Therefore, workers must have training available to them on all hazards within the workplace.

The Right to Participate
Workers may participate in finding solutions to working in a safer workplace. This can be achieved by reporting unsafe or unhealthy working conditions or by joining the workplaces Joint Occupational
Health and Safety Committee or by becoming anOccupational Health and Safety Representative.

The Right to Refuse Unsafe Work
A worker’s right to refuse work is protected under
the law. If a worker is asked to do something
dangerous or unhealthy, that person has the right
to refuse. Under the OHS Act, a worker can not
be fired or disciplined as a result of the refusal.
To be protected, the worker must use the following
protocol:
1. Report the concern immediately to the
supervisor and if a hazard is present, go to a safe
place.

2. The supervisor should promptly investigate the situation while the worker is present. If the supervisor agrees that there are grounds for refusing to work, then the worker is not required to do that task until the problem is fixed.

What are the responsibilities of the
workers?
According to the OHS Act, workers are:
• To work safely, protect the health and safety of others and follow safe work procedures at all times. Personal protective equipment, such as safety glasses, hearing protection and steel-toed boots, must be worn if they are required to do a job safely. Equipment guards must also be kept in place and used properly;
• To co-operate with the OHS Representative or JOSH Committee and OHS Officers. The Internal Responsibility System depends on open communications;
• To report hazards, injuries and unsafe working conditions to the supervisor. If the supervisor is unable to respond to the issue, then the safety representative or committee member must be notified.

What is the difference between a Policy
and a Program?
A Policy is a document which states an employer’s Occupational Health and Safety principles and makes a commitment to a safe and healthy workplace. It is required to be posted in all workplaces hiring more than five workers. The OHS Program is an action plan that details how a workplace is going to achieve its OHS Policy.
It must include provisions for training programs,written work procedures, a complete hazard identification system and detailed records of injuries, inspections and minutes from regular JOSH Committee meetings. A program is required for those workplaces hiring more than twenty workers

Well in my opinion these three were the most important thing i learned, be aware of your rights no matter where you are working it would be illegal for any group to make you do something that risks your safety

 

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blue print reading

In tech class we did an print reading quiz( a skill which I fail at for some reason) and since it was my first time I failed miserably(okay I admit it was a 76% , but still!!!). The biggest challenge for me was definitely figuring out the important measurements from the unimportant. Thankfully I, in my supreme wisdom, did some research and learned a few shortcuts on how to read blue prints :).  If you have trouble reading them too, you have come to the right place.

Steps

Blueprint Reading Basics

1Learn the 3 main types of blueprints. Blueprints can be broken down into 3 main types: plan, elevation and section. Each provides a specific 2-dimensional view of the construction project.

A plan view is a horizontal display of the proposed building project looking down from above. The view is usually on a horizontal plane 30 inches (75 centimeters) above the floor.

An elevation view is a vertical display of 1 side of the project, from either the north, south, east or west.

A section view is a cut-through display showing how something will be built.

 

2. Know the scale in which the blueprint is displayed. Blueprints are created using 1 of 2 scales: architectural scale or engineering scale.

Architectural (or architect’s) scale uses measurements in the English system of feet and inches. Such blueprints are drawn with a particular length set equal to 1 foot. Scales range from 1/8 inch to 3 inches equal to 1 foot.

Engineering scale uses measurements with a scale ratio that’s a multiple of 10. This can be either metric measurements, or measurements in feet and decimal parts of a foot.
Some blueprints use an English unit scale with metric conversions; this is known as dual-dimensioning. Other blueprints use only metric units.
3. Understand the symbols used to represent the components of a building project. Architects have developed symbols to represent the individual parts of a building and its surrounding grounds, so that the blueprint can convey a wealth of information. Most blueprints include a legend that explains the symbols used.

THE SCALE:Drawing scale is a relationship of the size or distance of the item on a drawing to the real item.
For example a scale of ¼” = 1’ means ameasurement of ¼ inch (the quote symbol “is ashorthand for inches) on the drawing equals 1foot ( the apostrophe symbol ‘ is shorthand for feet) of the real world item

HIDDEN LINES: The hidden line is used to show features or edgesof an object that is not visible. It is a broken line of medium thickness e.g ——
DIMENSION LINE / EXTENSION LINE
Dimension Lines are used to show the extent of a dimension. <__________>
Extension Lines are use to extend a point froman object. l<_________>l

Abbreviations are used to help reduce clutter and simplify drawings. A table is included in the drawing. e.g Pl= property line

certain symbols are obvious like door, toilet, window etc..

 

hope this helps, if you want a little more information you can watch this blueprint reading video

 

my google sketchup bungalow

serad's bungalow

 

This is the bungalow I made using Google sketch-up.  I’ve decided to post it to show the pros and cons of using Google sketch-up to design buildings.

pros

– much better than AutoCad, i  love how you can see in all dimensions and can rotate around to see your building at different angles. this was especially useful when i was building an underground garage in the basement of the bungalow

– I like how i can finally see the stairs

– there are so many components you can put into a Google sketch-up model, i spent  pretty long time putting in appliances like bathtubs and ovens

– there are so many real life applications of this program you can design you dream home and see how it would look by using the animated walk through( thing of the real estate virtual home walk throughs)

cons

– the hardest part of designing the bungalow with Google sketch-up was inserting the components, it took an ridiculous amount of time to put in the doors and the stairs; good news is that i learned that the best way to insert doors is to use the push/pull tool to push the walls down, mark down where the sides of the door will be, place the door and pull up the walls on the sides of the door

-kitchens are also very frustrating it’s impossible to find separate upper and lower cabinets( there re only full kitchen componets) which means you have to do it yourself using the push/pull tool, draw out the divisions and then attach handles to EVERY SINGLE CABINET. I wasted hours of my life on that kitchen

 

my condo under 800 sq ft

 

H:ProfileDesktopcondo by serad Model (1)

This 800 sq feet condo was designed by none other than me, Serad Abdi, for one of my major projects in my tech design class. I have decided to put in in a post on my blog because it shows my first attempts at using AutoCAD to design a floor plan and the challenges I now associate with it. I have to admit that although it seemed simple at first, there were actually many challenges I had to overcome in order to finish the floor plan and submit it on time(oh deadlines how you make our lives harder).

The biggest problem I came across was the walls of the condo, sure it was easy to make straight lines on AutoCAD,  but once you got creative like I did in my original plans, it instantly become a challenge to shape the walls into the shapes I wanted, the shape tools (like arc) could only make half circles not half ovals. The only way I could overcome this was by making multiple smaller arcs connected by lines, a process that was not only time consuming, but also frustrating once I realized I would have to recreate the same thing on the opposite side of the condo. Once I had finished my outer wall dimensions had been altered which made putting in the inner walls even more of a problem because they had to be moved and adjusted to make rooms( like the closet & laundry room) fit the necessary standards.

Life lesson learned from AutoCAD is that I should always take into account the limitations of the program I am using before drawing out floor plans I intend to recreate on that program unless I want to waste even more time fixing the design later.