Career: Glazier





Mechanic carrying car window, view through glass

Which is needed- University, College or an Apprenticeship- to enter this field?:


What is it? :

A Glazier is a construction professional who measures, handles, cuts, prepares, installs and repairs all types of glass, mirrors and glass substitutes, typically in buildings or on the exterior walls of buildings.  Glaziers also install aluminum storefront frames and entrances, glass handrails and balustrades, shower enclosures, curtain wall framing and glass and mirror walls.

Daily activities include:

Handling and Moving Objects– Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.

Performing General Physical Activities– Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.

Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

What qualifications are needed for admission?

people employed as glaziers should have good mathematical and mechanical skills, as well as an analytical approach to problem-solving, physical strength, manual dexterity and good hand-eye coordination.  Additional skills include an ability to read and interpret drawings and code specifications. Although glaziers do not have to be computer experts they should be computer literate and be able to work efficiently with hand tools. Glaziers should be able to work alone as well as a member of a team. Those who install or retrofit glass in homes or businesses must be neat and able to deal with customers courteously. To remain competitive in this field, it is essential that workers be willing to continually upgrade their skills. Apprentices must be at least 18 year old, have a high school diploma or its equivalent and be physically able to do the work required by this occupation. Unions and contractor associations often sponsor apprenticeship programs. Contact the local union that represents glaziers in your area or see the International Union of Painters and Allied Trades’ Apprenticeship Directory for a list of training opportunities sponsored by that organization.

Canadian institutions and the qualifications they grant?

The glazing apprenticeship process requires time spent on the job and in school training. An glazing trainee must complete a four (4) year program including 6,000 workplace hours and 1,200 in-school hours of training. After completion of training, a passing grade on the Inter-provincial exam will result in the BC Certificate of Apprenticeship, BC Certificate of Qualification, and the Inter-provincial Standard Endorsement, also known as Red Seal.

Industrial associations and their professional certifications?

Inter-provincial Red Seal

the  Canadian Glass Association membership


Career: Mining Engineer

Which is needed- University, College or an Apprenticeship- to enter this field?:


What is it? :

Mining engineers are in charge of planning, designing, organizing and supervising the development of mines and much of the related facilities, equipment and infrastructure. They are hired by mining companies to prepare for the extraction of minerals, coal or metals

Daily activities include:

  • Inspect mining areas for unsafe structures, equipment, and working conditions.
  • Conduct exploration or work with geologists to locate new mines.
  • Review maps and drilling records to determine location of mineral deposits. Also determine size, accessibility, and value of deposits.
  • Determine ways to extract minerals.
  • Estimate costs and schedules for developing and running mines.
  • Lay out and supervise construction of new mines.
  • Design, implement, and monitor facility systems, such as power supply.
  • Monitor production rate of gas, oil, or minerals from wells or mines.
  • Test air to determine levels of toxic gases. Recommend changes to ventilation system if gas levels are high.
  • Provide technical consultation during drilling operations.
  • Prepare technical reports for use by mining, engineering, and management staff.
  • Evaluate data to develop new mining products, equipment, or processes.
  • Plan, conduct, or direct others who perform mining experiments.
  • Design and maintain protective equipment and safety tools.
  • Train mine staff in safe working practices and first aid.
  • Create methods to solve environmental problems and reclaim old mine sites

What qualifications are needed for admission?

If you are an applicant from Ontario, you must have completed the Ontario Secondary School Diploma (OSSD) by the time you commence your university studies. McGill University reviews Ontario high school applications for admission based on its own calculation of the “top six” pre-university (4U, 4M) course average. A minimum of six 4U and/or 4M courses are required for admission.

  • Calculus and Vectors MCV4U (or Calculus MCB4U or Geometry MGA4U)
  • Chemistry SCH4U
  • Physics SPH4U
  • 4U English or French

Canadian institutions and the qualifications they grant?

McGill University – undergraduate > then bachelor

Industrial associations and their professional certifications?

Mining Engineer Licensure Examination> to get engineering license

Career: Terrazzo, Tile or Marble Setter

marble floor

Which is needed- University, College or an Apprenticeship- to enter this field?:

an apprenticeship is needed to become a terrazzo, tile or marble setter.

What is it?

A terrazzo, tile or marble setter is a skilled tradesman who works with their knowledge of a variety of stones and minerals, and

Daily activities they must do include:

  • Have good manipulative skills and an aptitude for mathematics as well as oral and written communication skills in the English language.
  • Being dexterity, not afraid of heights and be strong( they may often have to carry heavy loads and/or work at high heights)
  • Preparing measuring and marking the surface to be covered
  • Taking a leadership role in a joint large-scale group projects
  • Coordinating with others in your corporation(e.g. construction company) to complete every aspect of a project
  • Remove cracked or damaged tiles
  • Creative decorative wall, mural and floor designs(may have to sketch designs first
  • Must have mathematical skills in order to calculate costs and fees
  • Mix, spread and apply mortar, cement glue or other adhesives using hand trowel
  • Adhere to set rules, regulations a laws set down by the government and/or local laws regarding construction
  • Must he good at managing their time and various appointments(including the time it takes to drive from one location to another)
  • Being organized with their materials for each job available(they should never show up unprepared for a job)

Educational pathway

      High school (OYAP)          ——>            Apprenticeship             ——>            Work

What qualifications are needed for admission? (into OYAP)


  • be at least 16 years (or older), eligible to work in Ontario
  • must have a Social Insurance number
  • have completed at least 26 credits by February, ready to graduate in June, (including all compulsory courses, literacy requirement and community hours required for your Ontario Secondary School Diploma).
  • Grade 11 and/or 12 Construction Technology is recommended
  • Be willing to travel to travel, for apprenticeship training.
  • a ‘G” driver’s license is strongly recommended as well as access to a vehicle
  • have  safety shoes, hard hat and tool belt

Canadian institutions and the qualifications they grant

Right after OYAP students are required to find a skilled tradesman in the field they are pursuing who is willing to take them on as an apprentice in order to continue their education. One must be a registered apprentice in order to receive a Certificate of Apprenticeship as well as complete level one and two in-school courses(both which last 9 weeks) and work alongside their mentor. The on-the-job training components lasts 4 years, but while working, apprentices are eligible to receive wages for their work until they become journeymen themselves.

Industrial associations and their professional certifications

Once all training has been completed graduate tradesmen can join BAC (the International Union of Bricklayers and Allied Craft workers) in order to gain the rights and privileges associated with being in a union. Another option would be to take advantage of the Inter-provincial trade certification red seal received when apprentices become journeymen. This seal allows qualified trades-persons to work (and find work) in any province or territory, in Canada without having to write additional examinations.

Career:Interior designer

interior design

Which is needed- University, College or an Apprenticeship- to enter this field?

College is needed to become an interior designer.

What is it?

Interior designers find creative design solutions for interior environments while supporting the health, safety and well-being of occupants and enhancing their quality of life.The needs and resources of the client are met while creating environments that are both functional and aesthetically attractive. In addition, interior designers need to find new innovative ways to fill a certain space while keeping it from being too cluttered. Interior designers work closely with architects and clients to determine the structure of a space, the needs of the occupants, and the style that best suits both. Interior designers have to be good with more than color, fabric, and furniture:

Daily activities they must do include:

  •       oversee the ordering, installation, and maintenance of all objects that define aspace
  •       Being able to read and decipher blueprints
  •       Having knowledge of and adhering to building codes
  •       being able to take measurements of all types,
  •       working with contractors and subcontractors, and  negotiating fees on behalf of their clients
  •       Will need to keep accurate documents, receipts and copies of all transactions. The designer is responsible for planning an entire job, from start to finish(have budgeting skills)
  •       Providing information or drawings about devices , equipment, or structures
  •       Communicating with people establishing and maintaining relationships outside of the organization
  •       Abiding by strict weekly deadlines. They work under deadlines and might also have to work overtime to finish a job, but  usually, they work a set schedule
  •       Prepare sketches, by hand or with the aid of a computer, for approval by the client

What qualifications are needed for admission?

 Admission requirements (College)

-Six Grade 12 U or M courses including U English, and any Grade 11 or 12 U or M Math.

-Minimum 65% overall average.

In addition you need to have a digital portfolio and writing sample. (A portfolio fee is required with submission.)

Applicants are selected on the assessment of their previous academic achievement (their average) and the results of a portfolio assessment.

Canadian institutions and the qualifications they grant?

Canada’s Humber College offers a 3 year interior design advanced diploma right, available right after the completion of high school. Those who complete the course(Interior Design Advanced Diploma graduates) are then eligible for the four year interior design program that spans 8 semesters (one which is a paid work term). Those that complete this interior design program (also at Humber College) receive bachelors in interior design.

Industrial associations and their professional certifications?

 After college, graduate interior designers who meet an established standard of education, experience and examination can join the Association of Registered Interior Designers of Ontario (ARIDO). ARIDO protects the right of interior designers to practise, promotes the benefits of working with an interior designer. In 1984 the ARIDO Act was passed in the Legislature of Ontario to grant interior designers who meet ARIDO standards exclusive use of the title Interior Designer in Ontario.

Career: Landscape architect


Which is needed- University, College or an Apprenticeship- to enter this field?:

University is needed to become a landscape architect.

What is it? :  They use the ancient skill of garden designers (to compose land form with water, vegetation, structures and paving) and apply this skill to the man-made landscape. The definition of landscape architecture is the art and practice of designing the outdoor environment and that is exactly what it is. Landscape architects combine man-made structures with plant-life to ensure that we are environmentally sustainable despite the accelerated rate of urbanization and deforestation.  They aim to meet the needs of people while. Improving the environment. They design memorable places that are attractive, functional and sustainable.

Daily activities include:

  • preparing and presenting detailed plans and working drawings, including applications, construction details and specifications for the project
  • using computer-aided design (CAD) overseeing the design of a variety of projects,
  • establishing general landscape requirements with clients(communication)
  • conducting preliminary studies of the site (including contours, soil, ecology, buildings, roads);
  • carrying out environmental impact assessments according to laws and regulations
  • seeking and taking into account the views of local residents, potential users, and parties with a vested interest in the project;
  • presenting proposals to clients, dealing with enquiries and negotiating any amendments to the final design;
  • matching the client’s wishes with your knowledge of what will work best;
  • liaising with other professionals on the project; e.g. contacting and coordinating manufacturers and suppliers
  • monitoring and checking work on-site (on large projects) and ensuring deadlines are met
  • authorising payment once work has been satisfactorily completed;
  • attending public inquiries to give evidence if necessary;
  • Generating new business opportunities/ social outreaching

What qualifications are needed for admission?

Previous academic performance is used as an indicator of academic accomplishment and is evaluated through secondary school and/or post-secondary transcripts.

A wide variety of courses in the social, physical and biological sciences and the arts and languages is encouraged for all applicants.

Ontario Course Requirements for Entry to the BLA Program:

– ENG4U& 5 additional 4U or 4M credits

Note:  Applicants are required to submit a Background Information Sheet in order to be considered for admission.

Canadian institutions and the qualifications they grant?

The University of Guelph offers a 4 year undergraduate program for landscape architecture. Students who complete the course receive bachelors of landscape architecture and can go on to complete the 4 year graduate program (also offered at Guelph). Then they can get their Masters in landscape architecture (MLA) as well, going on to become a certified landscape architect in just 8 years.

Industrial associations and their professional certifications?

After completing your masters or bachelors at the university in Guelph, you can become a part of the Ontario Association of Landscape Architects (OALA) people who have a bachelor or master of landscape architecture degree from an institution recognized by OALA are eligible to apply for associate status immediately upon graduation. Candidates will:

Submit a completed application form with the required documentation and fees as outlined on the application form, Have the endorsement of one OALA full member and have current employment in the field. Associates are later eligible to apply for Full Membership.