How to draw a floor plan

Steps

  1. Measure the length of the longest wall. If you’re making a floor plan of an actual physical space (as opposed to something you’re designing or imagining), measure it with a tape measure.

  2. Scale this measurement down so that it will fit onto a sheet of graph paper. First, count the number of squares on the longest side of the graph paper (ex. 39 squares); this is the side that will accommodate the longest part of the plan. Then, scale down the length of the wall by reducing it down to a smaller number. Dividing it evenly is preferable, as it’s much easier to remember that one square equals 1 meter as opposed to, say, 1.27 meters, but if the length of the wall isn’t cleanly divisible, you may have to have an imperfect scale.

    If you need additional guidance, see examples in both feet and meters below.

    • If the wall measures an even number of units (ex. 90 feet), try dividing it by 2, 3, 4, etc. and seeing if the resulting number is smaller than the number of squares. (90 feet divided by 2 is 45 – too large to fit across 39 squares. 90 feet divided by 3, on the other hand, is 30, which will fit nicely across 39 squares with room to spare.)
    • If the wall measures an odd number of units (ex. 81) try dividing by 3, 5, etc. and seeing if the resulting number is smaller than the number of squares. (81 feet divided by 3 is 27, which will fit across 39 squares with room to spare.)
    • If the wall measures a number of units that is smaller than the number of squares (ex. 27 meters), you can scale it to 1 unit per square. (1 meter = 1 square, making that wall 27 squares long).
      • If the number of units is very small and would result in a tiny drawing(ex. 15 meters across 15 squares, leaving most of the page blank), try doubling or otherwise increasing the number of squares used to depict each unit. (1 meter over 2 squares would make that wall 30 squares long).
    • If you aren’t happy with the size your simplified scale produces or the number simply won’t divide evenly (ex. 89 feet), try dividing the larger number by the smaller one. However, unless you want the wall to take up the entire length of the graph paper, don’t include the full number of squares in your calculation; leave at least one square on either side so that your floor plan doesn’t get messy (i.e. subtract 2 squares). (89 feet divided by 37 squares is 2.4 feet – or nearly 2’5” – per square, making that length of wall 37 squares long and leaving one empty square on either side of the drawing.)
  3. Measure the length of the other walls and convert these measurements to your scale. If, for example, you determined that each square equals 3 feet, a wall measuring 40 feet would be 13 1/3 squares long (because 40 divided by 3 = 13 1/3); if you determined that each square equals 1 meter, a wall measuring 18 meters would be 18 squares long.

  4. Measure the length of each door and window opening (without frames) and convert these measurements to your scale.

  5. 5

    Incorporate all walls, windows, and doors on your floor plan. Draw each window as double lines and each doors as a line (i.e. the fully-opened door) with an arc (i.e. the actual swing path of the door; useful when trying to place furniture).

Honey bee hive house in Jerusalem

Honey Bee Hive House (Jerusalem, Israel)

This honey bee hive house was designed by the architects Ram Carmi, Abraham Yaski, and Aryeh and Eldar Sharon

their design isn’t a particular favorite of mine due to it’s hidden flaws:

Reason 1: it doesn’t match it’s surroundings, when 1st created it was significantly different from the rest of the new building in the city, from the materials it was created from to the outer structure of the building, it just looks out of place. I can easily liken this to putting a california beach house in the north pole, it just doesn’t fit.

Reason 2: it’s not being innovative it’s just being cheap, the fancy outer honeycomb structure is just the fancy gift wrapping that was placed there to hide the fact that the interior is just a small rectangular box.

Initially the creators thought i was a great idea because it was cost effective to build and the public considered it popular  because of its low prices, but the residents claimed that the quality of building was inferior and needed ‘additions’. in conclusion this honey comb hive house may look pretty, but is an overall terrible design when you take into consideration the needs of the people and the area where it’s located.

Career: Mining Engineer

Which is needed- University, College or an Apprenticeship- to enter this field?:

University

What is it? :

Mining engineers are in charge of planning, designing, organizing and supervising the development of mines and much of the related facilities, equipment and infrastructure. They are hired by mining companies to prepare for the extraction of minerals, coal or metals

Daily activities include:

  • Inspect mining areas for unsafe structures, equipment, and working conditions.
  • Conduct exploration or work with geologists to locate new mines.
  • Review maps and drilling records to determine location of mineral deposits. Also determine size, accessibility, and value of deposits.
  • Determine ways to extract minerals.
  • Estimate costs and schedules for developing and running mines.
  • Lay out and supervise construction of new mines.
  • Design, implement, and monitor facility systems, such as power supply.
  • Monitor production rate of gas, oil, or minerals from wells or mines.
  • Test air to determine levels of toxic gases. Recommend changes to ventilation system if gas levels are high.
  • Provide technical consultation during drilling operations.
  • Prepare technical reports for use by mining, engineering, and management staff.
  • Evaluate data to develop new mining products, equipment, or processes.
  • Plan, conduct, or direct others who perform mining experiments.
  • Design and maintain protective equipment and safety tools.
  • Train mine staff in safe working practices and first aid.
  • Create methods to solve environmental problems and reclaim old mine sites

What qualifications are needed for admission?

If you are an applicant from Ontario, you must have completed the Ontario Secondary School Diploma (OSSD) by the time you commence your university studies. McGill University reviews Ontario high school applications for admission based on its own calculation of the “top six” pre-university (4U, 4M) course average. A minimum of six 4U and/or 4M courses are required for admission.

  • Calculus and Vectors MCV4U (or Calculus MCB4U or Geometry MGA4U)
  • Chemistry SCH4U
  • Physics SPH4U
  • 4U English or French

Canadian institutions and the qualifications they grant?

McGill University – undergraduate > then bachelor

Industrial associations and their professional certifications?

Mining Engineer Licensure Examination> to get engineering license

Yale University’s Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library – New Haven, Connecticut

yale-rare-book-library

Designed by Gordon Bunshaft in the late 1950s for Yale university

what i love about his design:

–  makes really good use of space

– he designed it according to it’s function it’s a library so he placed all of the books where they could be easily organized,seen and accessed (in the middle of the room). he also did this by opening up the sides unlike traditional library designs

– the are around the library doubles as a lounge area where students can relax and study (another function of  library)

– the natural effect: the inner walls of the library give off the illusion of being underground and the ceiling lighting only adds to the effect

What i don’t like so much about this design:

– the safety features or lack thereof; sure it has those little bars at the bottom, but i find it hard to believe that those tiny thing could prevent someone from falling to their possible death, couldn’t they have put in glass or something!

– the lighting above the books themselves: i can’t help but feel that there re too many lights above the books couldn’t the designer have chosen bigger lights so that it wouldn’t be necessary to have so many. Using that many lights isn’t just expensive to buy and maintain (considering the electricity bill), it’s also just wasteful from an environmental perspective

yale-university-beinecke-rare-book-and-manuscript-library

To learn more about this library you can go to http://beinecke.library.yale.edu/about/timeline

How to draw stairs on a floor plan

Instructions
1
Decide where the stairs should go in the floor plan. Consider the layout of the building and which places are convenient to move between floors.

2
Determine the distance the stairs have to travel upward. This action plays a huge role in determining how long the stairs have to be because the risers and treads of the stairs are always the same height and width and the stairs have to be comfortable to walk up or down. For example, a room with a 9-foot ceiling would have stairs that have risers that are 7 inches tall and treads that are a standard 11 inches, calling for 15 treads. This translates into a bit less than a 12-foot long stairway.

 

3
Convert your stairway length into the scale you’re using for your floor plan. For example, if 1/4 inch on the drawing equals 1 foot in real life–a common scale for blueprints–a 12-foot stairway would be 3 inches long in the drawing.

4
Draw a rectangle of the right scaled dimensions to the stairway you wish to build. Draw an arrow parallel to the long side of the rectangle and inside the rectangle. Point the arrow in the direction the stairwell is leading in the building. The arrow always points from the base of the stairs to the top.

5
Draw parallel lines dividing the rectangle into the treads. Draw about seven treads and then draw a diagonal line dividing the rectangle and cutting through a couple of the treads. Insert a jagged line into the diagonal line so that it looks like a seismograph reading. This is a symbol that indicates a stairwell and is a shorthand method for drawing stairs in a floor plan.

Virtual school vs. traditional school

Unlike in elementary school in secondary school we now have the option of learning from home, not home school, but virtual schooling.Virtual  school or cyber-school is an institution that teaches courses entirely or primarily  online. where students can learn from home , virtual school is an online learning platform offered by an educational organization where individuals can earn credits in an particular area of interest. these credits which can be counted toward graduation or advancement to the next grade.

  vs.    

Advantages

–          Is an alternate education option for home schooled teens e.g. those with disabilities

–          Convenient- get a school education without having to leave home(work on your own schedule)

–          Variety of courses and options not available at a single school e.g. courses not available at their local school

–          Students can learn at their own pace(not rushed)

–          Students from remote areas can learn at well-known schools(e.g. famous private schools)

–          Students can work at the same time as going to school

–          Can repeat failed courses

–          Can do accelerated degree programs

–          Integration of digital media into curriculum

–        great equalizer. no matter what their social, economic, religious, ethnic, physical or mental differences. all students get the same opportunity

Disadvantages

–   do not directly interact with professors

–    lack of socialization

–   added challenge of staying focused while in the home environment

–     technical challenges such as technical failure, constraints of e-mail such as sending diagrams or pictures, and the time involved

–   time zones can put limits on real time chats

–  chat rooms -> fact that good typists can monopolize the conversation

For more information on virtual school or if you think it could be something you’re interested in, visit your school’s website and see what courses are available.

my google sketchup bungalow

serad's bungalow

 

This is the bungalow I made using Google sketch-up.  I’ve decided to post it to show the pros and cons of using Google sketch-up to design buildings.

pros

– much better than AutoCad, i  love how you can see in all dimensions and can rotate around to see your building at different angles. this was especially useful when i was building an underground garage in the basement of the bungalow

– I like how i can finally see the stairs

– there are so many components you can put into a Google sketch-up model, i spent  pretty long time putting in appliances like bathtubs and ovens

– there are so many real life applications of this program you can design you dream home and see how it would look by using the animated walk through( thing of the real estate virtual home walk throughs)

cons

– the hardest part of designing the bungalow with Google sketch-up was inserting the components, it took an ridiculous amount of time to put in the doors and the stairs; good news is that i learned that the best way to insert doors is to use the push/pull tool to push the walls down, mark down where the sides of the door will be, place the door and pull up the walls on the sides of the door

-kitchens are also very frustrating it’s impossible to find separate upper and lower cabinets( there re only full kitchen componets) which means you have to do it yourself using the push/pull tool, draw out the divisions and then attach handles to EVERY SINGLE CABINET. I wasted hours of my life on that kitchen